What is Permaculture

“Permaculture is a term coined by Bill Mollison, an Australian ecologist, who developed the concept with David Holmgren in the 1970’s. Its copyright is vested in the Permaculture Institutes and the College of Graduates, and is guarded by them for the purposes of consistent education. Permaculture (from permanent agriculture and permanent culture) is the conscious design and maintenance of productive ecosystems which have the diversity, stability and resilience of natural ecosystems. It the harmonious integration of landscape and people providing their material and non-material needs in a sustainable way. This includes the design of housing, water and power systems, transport and the like and ‘invisible’ structures such as legal and financial systems, and the development of supportive social structures and networks. Permaculture is primarily an ethical design system which assembles conceptual, material and strategic components into a pattern, which functions to benefit life in all its forms.”permaculture designprinciples